We Unite to Stop Skavica!

We Unite to Stop Skavica!

The Stop Skavica Dam Albanian-American coalition has gained support from taxpayers and environmental groups in their effort to expose the realities, both economic and environmental, of the new Skavica Dam project being approved by the Government of Albania and Bechtel Company on October 4th, 2021.

 

 

  • Skavica Dam will produce severe negative impacts on the Black Drin River they harness.  Skavica Dam alter a Black Drin river’s chemical, physical, and biological processes.  Although these negative impacts will become more obvious over the next two decades, the environmental costs of dams have only recently captured scientific attention.
  • Skavica Dam will cause the build-up of sediment. Skavica Dam will block free-flowing water and impede the river’s flushing function, as well as the transport of nutrients and sediment downstream.
  • Skavica Dam fragment rivers and block the natural movement of fish and other aquatic species.
  • Skavica Dam contribute to, and sometimes are the sole cause of, many species becoming threatened, endangered, or extinct.  Prime dam sites often are prime fish spawning sites.
  • Skavica Dams alter water temperatures, dissolve oxygen levels, and produce turbidity and salinity, both upstream and downstream of the structure.
  • The ecosystem and environmental costs from inundating approximately 29652.7 acres (12,000. hectare) of land that supports sensitive natural communities and numerous special-status species, are huge and unrepairable. The inundated lands in the Skavica Dam footprint, along with new roads would eliminate, fragment, and degrade an extensive amount of habitat outside of inundation zone.

Today, there are serious challenges ahead: a warming climate, unprecedented levels of pollution, and powerful special interests undermining basic protections. Methane is currently responsible for a third of human-generated warming. Tackling methane emissions is vital if gas is to play its fullest role in the transition. But to do that, we need to tackle methane emissions fast.It has been proven that higher rates of methane and carbon dioxide production are associated with dams. Skavica Dam on the Black Drin River could become a hotspot for the release of greenhouse gases.

Damming rivers can have numerous indirect and long-term environmental effects. One consequence of dams is that they collect a substantial amount of sediments and organic matter. Over time, impoundments behind dams can trap several feet of sediment and organic matter that would otherwise be released downstream. The captured organic sediment helps promote microbial activity behind dams.

Further, dams can reduce oxygen levels in the sediments, by slowing the flow of water and preventing efficient reoxygenation. Slower water flow and the increased organic matter can create anoxic zones. Over time, these low oxygen conditions promote methanogenesis, a processes in which microbes produce methane instead of the carbon dioxide that is produced in the presence of oxygen.

 

Methane production from dams is a growing environmental concern, because methane is a potent greenhouse gas. Methane can trap 28-36 times more heat in comparison to carbon dioxide. So, even though carbon dioxide is more abundant in the atmosphere, methane has a larger environmental impact per molecule.

The Skavica Dam project  would not guarantee water storage during longer drought periods or offer reliable water supplies. In addition to its inability to provide supplies in droughts, the new dam in region of Dibra would be environmentally damaging and does not meet the public benefit funding requirements.

The Skavica Dam project simply does not meet feasibility standards and should be removed from the list of options for projects available from Bechtel Co

There’s no time to waste in coming together for new solutions—which is why the Stop Skavica Dam Coalition brings people together to build the most powerful and effective environmental movement.